History of the flag
The "five cross flag" has been
used since at least the 13th century. The central element of the flag is St.
George's cross (still used as the national flag of England), who is the patron
saint of Georgia. According to the Georgian scholar Giorgi Gabeskiria, the four
extra crosses were probably added during the reign of Giorgi V (also known as
"The Brilliant" or "The Splendid"), who drove out the Mongols. Around that time,
the new design was adopted as a variant of the Jerusalem cross, a symbol used by
crusaders in the Holy Land, which likewise used a large central cross with four
smaller "crosslets" in the four quadrants. The crosses are said to have
represented the five Holy Wounds of Christ.
The flag fell out of use later in the medieval period, but was revived by Georgian nationalists following the country's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. A majority of Georgians, including the influential Catholicos-Patriarch of the Georgian Orthodox Church (GOC), supported the restoration of the flag and in 1999 the Georgian parliament passed a bill to change the flag. However, it was not endorsed by former president, Eduard Shevardnadze. It was adopted in the late 1990s by the main opposition party, the United National Movement led by Mikhail Saakashvili, as a symbol of popular resistance to Shevardnadze's rule.
The flag was adopted by the Georgian parliament on January 14, 2004. It was formally endorsed by a presidential decree signed by Saakashvili on January 25, following his election as President of Georgia. Its adoption was not without controversy, as some complained that the adoption of a party's political flag as a national emblem was an anti-democratic move (From "Flag of Georgia (country) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia").
© All images above are designed by Besiki Sisauri and it is free for personal use only.
Please refer a link to www.GeorgianWeb.com if you are going to use them on the NET.
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® Flag adopted 14 January 2004.
Description: White flag with a red cross and four smaller crosses in the white quarters.
Use: on land, civil and State flag, at sea, civil and State ensign.
The new flag was hosted over the Parliament of Georgia on 14 January, 2004 at 17:00
As a designer I would like to mention that had some problems with flag's standards. I am confused because many designs of the flag are not matching the original, official specifications.
Zeljko Heimer and Graham Bartram were experienced with similar drawing problems creating and describing the flag.
However, I just ignored the problem and had designed my version of the flag; Anyway, it is for designing purpose only.
!!! Please note: THESE ARE DESIGNS and Official Georgian country flag is a bit different with some standards. For small cross design I have used WINGDINGS font's character capital "X", Size 65. Character code: 0x58.
Please submit your personal designs if you have one, so we can publish it here under your name or suggest a web link.